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Rights and Obligations

Law 46/2003; Law 487/2002; Ordinance 372/2005


The term “patient” shall apply to any healthy or ill person who uses health care services.


-          Patients are entitled to medical health care of the highest quality, in accordance with the human, financial and physical resources available;

-          The patient has the right to be respected as a human being, subject to no discrimination whatsoever;

-          The patient has the right to be informed about the medical services available, and how such services can be accessed;

-          The patient has the right to decide whether to be or not informed, if the information presented by the physician may cause emotional distress;

-          The patient is entitled to seek and to obtain a second medical opinion;

-          The patient is entitled to request and to receive, upon discharge, a written report of the medical investigations, diagnosis, treatment and care provided during hospitalization;

-          The patient has the right to confidentiality of information and privacy;

-          Information shall be delivered to the patient in a respectful and unambiguous language, using minimal specialized terminology; where the patient does not speak Romanian, the information shall be provided in his/her native language or another language spoken by the patient, and where appropriate, another means of communication shall be found;

-          Relatives and friends may be informed about the patients’ status of medical investigations, diagnosis and treatment, with the patient’s consent;

-          The patient has the right to decline or discontinue an intervention, assuming the responsibility of his/her decision in writing; the consequences of the refusal or interruption of a medical intervention shall be explained to the patient;

-          The patient cannot be photographed or filmed in a medical facility without his/her consent.

Any person with mental disorders is entitled to the best medical services and mental health care possible;

Any person suffering from mental disorders or under such care should be treated with dignity and respected as a human being, as well as protected against any economic, sexual or other form of exploitation and against harmful and degrading treatment.

Any discrimination based on mental illness is forbidden.

Any person suffering from a mental disorder is entitled to exercise all the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights recognized by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and by other relevant international treaties and conventions to which Romania has adhered, except as provided by the law.

Any persons suffering from a mental disorder is entitled, to the extent possible, to live and work amidst society.

The local public administration, through the competent bodies, shall ensure the integration or reintegration in professional activities suitable to the state of health and capacity of social and professional reinsertion of the mentally disordered person.

Any mentally disordered patient has the right to:

a)      Legal recognition as a person;

b)      Private life;

c)      Freedom of communication, especially with other persons from the health facility, freedom to send and to receive private communications, free of any censure, freedom to receive private visits of a counsellor or a personal or legal representative whenever possible, as well as other visitors, freedom of access to postal or telephone services, newspapers, radio and televisions.

d)     Freedom of thought and religion;

The living environment and conditions of the mental health facilities should resemble as closely as possible the normal life of other persons of similar age;

As regards leisure time, any mentally disordered patient is entitled to:

a)      Educational means;

b)      Possibilities to purchase or receive items necessary for everyday life, entertainment or communication;

c)      Means enabling the patient to get involved in activities adapted to his/her social and cultural environment, encouragement to use such means and measures for professional readjustment likely to facilitate social reinsertion;

The patient cannot be forced into labour.


Patients’ obligations: to read and to observe the Hospital’s Internal Regulation, according to the legislation in force. 


Last update: 17.02.2014


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